Prestige Philately Auction 178 CatalogueLot 244Catalogue by themePostal History
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Displaying 1 - 20 of 57 Lots in Category - Postal History
WESTERN AUSTRALIA - Postal History
1834 entire headed "Cape Town/Cape of Good Hope/Febr 15th 1834" to "Mr George Atkinson/Perth or elsewhere/ on the Swan River" endorsed "Per Quebec Trader" rated "4" in red & with a largely very fine strike of the undated oval 'SHIP LETTER/[crown]/CAPE OF GOOD HOPE' h/s. Remarkably fine, and a very early inwards item to the Colony, which was founded only five years earlier. The "Quebec Trader" departed Cape Town on 18/2/1834 and arrived in Fremantle on 19/4/1834. [George Atkinson arrived in Perth per "Medina" in July 1830, and worked as a carpenter until his death in 1843]
1834 (April 15) lengthy cross-written entire to an oil merchant in England with boxed 'INDIALETTER/BRIGHTON' b/s & London arrival cds of 4DE4/1834 in red, rated "2/-" but amended to "1/8", stained & soiled & extensive internal repairs/reinforcing. still presentable. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $747. [Between late-1833 and mid-1841 there were no postal implements in use at Perth. The writer, Barnard Clarkson, states "...whale fishing...shld be a proffitable concern here there are many whalers off this coast". Clarkson arrived 27/1/1833 on the "Cygnet", & died at York in 1836]
1840 (Dec 12) cross-written entire to England headed "Quambygine Farm", signed "Henry Carter" & on the face "HC Swan River", with postmaster's endorsement on the face "PO Perth 21 December 1840" & "Paid 4d" in red, straight-line 'SHIP LETTER' h/s & London arrival b/s of 6MY6/1841 in red, rated "8" in black. Carried via Mauritius per "Eleanor" which departed 1/1/1841. Rare post office endorsement in the period of no postal implements. Ex John Gartner and Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $1437. [The post office was relocated from Charles Macfaull's home to the Public Offices on 12/3/1840. Henry Carter arrived -/6/1840 on the "Prima Donna". He became a leading pastoralist in the Avon District]
1841 (c.) undated town entire to "Servents Home/Perth" with a light but clear strike of the very rare octagonal 'PAID/___/PERTH' handstamp (#PA Pd1) in red & faint endorsement "Pd 1" in pencil, missing piece at right hardly detracts. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $3910. [A touching love letter "...I am now waiting the time that I can express more than I can by pen...every hour will seem a day...". The romance apparently came to nought as the addressee, Miss Bridget Phillips, married the accountant Wiiliam Cooper in 1855] ̃̃Stated to be the only recorded example of the 'PAID' handstamp and believed to be the earliest recorded non- official item from Perth in private hands. Such information is made highly pertinent by the fact that at the Walkley sale, the Western Australian Library purchased 22 pre-stamp letters, an egregious squandering of $100,000 of public money. As a consequence, the number of WA pre-stamp items remaining in private hands was significantly diminished. We anticipate that values for the remaining items - especially entire letters - must rise sharply.̃̃The first post office was established at Fremantle on 4/12/1829 with Perth following on 4/5/1830. The early years were chaotic administratively. Perth became the principal office about 1840 & in June 1841 the postmaster, Captain Edward Picking, was appointed Postmaster-General. NB: Between late-1833 & mid-1841, no postal implements are recorded used at Perth. This is thus an extremely important early postmarked usage.
1846 entire headed "Northam 7 May 1846" & signed "SA Barker", to the Colonial Secretary and endorsed "Free", largely fine strike of the extremely rare octagonal 'UNPAID/("May 19 46")/NORTHAM &/TOODYAY' h/s in black and crossed-out as unnecessary on free mail because it rendered the recipient liable to postage due, internal faults/repairs but facially attractive. [Samuel Adams Barker arrived -/11/1834 per "John Adam". Prominent in the York and Northam areas, in 1850 he departed for South Australia. Later that year he was named as a defaulter in WA Mining Co shares]̃̃The Post Office opened 16/4/1842 at Katrine, halfway between Northam and Toodyay. This is the only Australian post office (apart from TPOs) that shared two town names!! On 23/4/1847 it was replaced by separate offices in both towns. According to PMI, this is the only recorded example and, in fact, the only recorded use of any Northam & Toodyay postal marking.
1847 envelope (not a lettersheet) to London per "Overland Mail" rated "d6" with an unusually fine strike of the octagonal 'PAID/(23.6.47"/FREMANTLE' handstamp in red, two London arrival backstamps both in red & charged "1/-" for an incoming packet letter, minor stain at the base. A most attractive pre-stamp cover. [The sender added a postscript inside the flap & signed it "G King". George King was an important early settler. He arrived -/10/1841 on the "Ganges". He built St John's Church at Fremantle, ran a school for Aboriginal children & was a critic of government policy regarding aborigines]
1848 (Feb 5) entire signed "Chas Pratt" to the Colonial Secretary with mss "free" in black (contrary to the Regulations that required the endorsement be in red) & a fine strike of the worn state (inner circle worn-away) of the undated 'POST OFFICE/[crown]/FREMANTLE' h/s (#PA PO2a; found only on official mail) in black, a bit soiled. Ex Mogens Juhl and Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $9200. [Charles Pratt arrived -/1/1830 on the "Eagle" which he subsequently acquired, making 13 voyages between WA & van Diemen's Land before 1836. His letter complains about problems with a transfer of property at Guildford to his wife Ann Pratt]
No longer available
1851 mourning cover to Ireland "Overland" rated "1/-" with a poor strike of the crowned Perth handstamp unusually in black & a largely fine strike of the large oval 'SHIP-LETTER/[crown]/WESTERN AUSTRALIA/PAID' handstamp in red, charged "2/2" on arrival, Dublin transit b/s in red & 'LEIGHLINBRIDGE' arrival b/s in blue. [This is a very early mourning cover from WA. Dr Walkley had only one in the pre-stamp period, of 1854, to the same addressee]
1853 entire headed "Beverley Augt 15th 53" & signed "Ch Smith", to "Mr Keats/Fremantle" with poor strike of the undated '[crown]/POST OFFICE/YORK' h/s (#PA PO1c) & mss date "22 8 53" at lower-left, mss "2" in black, apparently used in legal proceedings marked "Exhibit II No" within & with 'LAND TITLES OFFICE/1MAY95/PERTH WA' cachet in violet on the face, soiling. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $552. [Charles Smith arrived from Tasmania on the "Orelia" on 12/10/1829 as agent for Walter Gellibrand. Between 1862 & 1876 he was postmaster at Mourambyne. Beverley is 34km SSE of York. PO opened 1/5/1858]. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley.
1854 (April) cover to England "By Overland route" with light but obvious strike of the undated Perth h/s in red & a light strike of the rare oval '___/[crown]/WESTERN AUSTRALIA/PAID' h/s (#Pd 1 with 'SHIP LETTER' removed) in red, London transit backstamp in red & superb 'BRIGHTON' arrival backstamp in blue, central stain. Carried per "Chusan" from Albany 4/4/1854; "Hindoostan" from Galle 28/4/1854; & "Simla" from Alexandria. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $862. [PMI records the recut h/s in 1854 only]
1854 entire headed "King Georges Sound" & signed "AThomson" (?) to Victoria with a good strike of the rounded-boxed 'PAID/("4 9 54")/ALBANY' h/s (#PA Pd2) in red & rated "4d" in red, 'SHIP LETTER/MELBOURNE' transit b/s in red & 'GEELONG/VICTORIA' arrival b/s. An unusually clean pre-stamp entire and a very scarce destination in this period. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $1265.
1854 small cover to Kent with fine strike of the octagonal 'PAID/("19 7 54")/GUILDFORD' h/s (#PA Pd2), endorsed "Missent" in red alongside 'CHATHAM' cds in blue, 'GRAVESEND' arrival b/s also in blue, minor soiling. Ex John Gartner and Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $862. [A very late pre-stamp usage, only three weeks before the first stamps were issued, on 1/8/1854]
1854 cover to England with Lithographed 4d pale blue SG 3 (good margins except where just shaved at upper-right) tied by superb void grid cancel, largely very fine strike of the undated oval 'POST OFFICE/[crown]/ PERTH/ WESTERN AUSTRALIA' h/s - with curved 'PERTH' - in red, London transit b/s in red & fine 'KETTERING' arrival cds in green on the face. A very attractive cover. [The Perth h/s is recorded between 19/9/1854 & 23/9/1858, this being a very early c.September 1854 usage. It is also a very early usage of the 4d stamp, which was issued on 1/8/1854. Dr Cecil Walkley had only one 4d solo franking, of March 1855: it sold for $2760] [The illustration is above Lot 255]
1854 (c.) cover to Perth with a fine "Penny Black" rouletted pair tied by void grid cancels & very fine strike of the undated oval 'POST OFFICE/[crown]/SWAN/WESTERN AUSTRALIA' h/s, two ironed-out vertical folds clear of the stamps and postmarks. Most appealing. BPA Certificate (2010) states that the roulettes have been faked & that the pair may not belong to the cover. A punter might seek a second opinion!
1857 (Feb 27) outer to "Williams River/South Australia/Sidney" (!) endorsed "Convict's Letter Establishment Western Australia" at top & countersigned "Thomas H Dixon/Superintendent" at lower-left, good strike of the undated oval 'POST OFFICE/[crown]/FREMANTLE/WESTERN AUSTRALIA' handstamp, Sydney transit b/s of AP2/1857, heavy central fold, professionally & expertly cleaned. Illustrated by Haynes & Pope at page 428, who stated "The authorising signature of Thomas Dixon was the equivalent of Passed by Censor". Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $4600.̃̃The Williams River is north of Newcastle NSW! Of course, there is also a Williams River in WA, SW of Narrogin. Given that the writer was severely geographically challenged, the local Williams River was likely his intended destination! Convict mail from Western Australia is very scarce and highly prized. Dr Walkley's extraordinary 1855 convict entire to Poland (!) was, regrettably, acquired by the WA Library for $36,800. ̃̃Thomas Hill Dixon arrived with the first group of convicts per "Scindian" as the first Superintendent of Convicts. He is credited with running a humane service & was opposed to flogging. In 1859 he was dismissed after admitting embezzling £89 of public money. His subsequent life in Singapore, Labuan & China reads like a 1930s adventure novel!
1857 outer to England with 1d black SG 1 vertical pair (3 large margins but a little cut-into at right) & Litho 4d blue SG 3a (margins touching to huge but cut-into at base) tied by Numbered Grid '13' cancels, undated oval 'POST OFFICE/[crown]/TOODYAY/WESTERN AUSTRALIA' h/s on the flap & mss date "30 3 57" on the face, London transit cds in red & poor undated arrival h/s in green. Pope & Reynolds Census #2: illustrated at page 51. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $2760.
1859 cover to England with Hillman Litho 6d grey-black SG 19 (margins close to large except where just shaved at lower-right) tied by a void grid cancel, undated oval 'POST OFFICE/[crown]/("15 4 59")/GUILDFORD/WESTERN AUSTRALIA' h/s, Manchester arrival b/s, flap removed & minor surface abrasion on the face. Carried per "Malta" which departed Albany 23/4/1859. Ex John Gartner and Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $862.
1859 flapless cover to "GM Whitfield/Toodyay" with Hillman 2d brown-black/red SG 15 (faults) tied by superb 15-bars '1', very fine Maltese Cross 'PERTH/SP30/1859' datestamp (#SDS1b) unusually in blue (apparently the earliest recorded usage in blue). Pope & Reynolds Census #3. Very fresh & attractive. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $1955. [George Munro Whitfield arrived -/5/1830 on the "James". He was a landholder in the Toodyay area]
1860 very fragile cover illiterately addressed to "The Govenor of Gingrants (?) to whome/Morton Bay/New South Wales/South Australia" (!) with a large Hillman 6d grey-black SG 19 (margins good to large except at top where just shaved) tied by 15-bars '5' of 'GUILDFORD' (light but very fine cds of FE14/1860 below), Adelaide transit b/s in blue & the Guildford cds overstruck with superb 'MISSENT/TO ADELAIDE SA' handstamp in blue, very fine 24mm 'BRISBANE/MR28/1860=NSW=' arrival b/s, stained & extensively repaired. Despite its obvious shortcomings, this is a truly remarkable origin/destination cover that could be accepted into even the most important of collections. Absent from the Pope & Reynolds Census.
1860 cover to London "via Marseilles" with Litho 1/- pale brown SG 3c (close to large margins except at right where a little cut-into), 15-bar '6' cancel & 'ALBANY/MY25/1860/=WESTERN-AUSTRALIA=' cds, endorsed "6d" at top, London arrival b/s, some discolouration & repaired tear at right well clear of the stamp. Pope & Reynolds Census #5. Ex Dr Cecil Walkley: acquired for $1265. [The rate was 6d + 3d per ½oz via Marseilles. Dr Walkley stated that this is the only cover recorded on which the French portion of the rate is designated]