Prestige Philately Auction 221 CatalogueCatalogue by countryJapan Occupation
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Displaying 1 - 20 of 66 Lots in Category - Japan Occupation
C of A - Military - World War II
Batch of Neil Russell's pages with two covers to HMAS "Australia", Service Suspended covers to Java x2 & Singapore x2, HM Transport covers x5, airmail covers including three to the Middle East endorsed "Missing" or "POW", French PPCs of the German Surrender x3, a few items into Occupied Germany & Austria etc, condition variable.
1942 stampless cover to Hobart with small 'HM TRANSPORT' h/s - used aboard HMT "Westralia" or "Zealandia" - overstruck with light but obvious 'FIELD POST OFFICE/18JA42/ 071 ' - Ted Proud "NS" = Not Seen - in violet used at Koepang (East Timor), boxed AIF Censor 305 h/s in violet countersigned "S Frost". Ex Neil Russell.
"Sparrow Force" was formed to defend Timor from anticipated Japanes invasion. The troops arrived at Koepang 12.12.1941, only five days after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Mostly from Tasmania & unprepared for tropical conditions, the Force was hard-hit by malaria & other illnesses. The Japanese landed 20.2.1942. The heavily out-numbered Allied troops refused to surrender and maintained extended & surprisingly successful guerilla tactics until being withdrawn between Dec 1942 & Feb 1943.
No longer available
PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS: All-different selection of Allied issues comprising generic issues x3 (two illustrated); in Indonesion dropped over Timor x2 (one with photo of Timorese soldiers); in Malay; in Urdu aimed at Indians fighting with the Japanese; in Japanese dropped over Japanese positions in Burma x4 (one illustrated); and Australian group dropped over New Guinea, in Japanese (with map in blue on the reverse) & in Pidgin x2; also two leaflet envelopes with 1) Australian & American Flags plus Beaufort bomber & Boomerang fighter; and 2) Australian Dutch & American Flags plus Liberator bomber & Lightning fighter; plus Japanese "Ticket to Armistice" leaflet dropped over Allied Forces; generally fine to very fine. Another very scarce & desirable group.
(Qty 17 items)
PROPAGANDA LEAFLETS: All-different selection of Allied bilingual issues advising of the Japanese Surrender comprising dropped over Sham Shui Po Camp in Hong Kong in English/Japanese; dropped over Malaya in English/Japanese; dropped over Sarawak/North Borneo in Malay/English/Japanese; instructing camp guards to advise POWs of the surrender & "Guards should then withdraw to their own quarters" in Japanese/English/Malay x2; & "The bearer has ceased resistance..." in Japanese/English; remarkably fine for such ephemeral items.
1942 "Selarang Incident" series of small second-generation photographs of crowded conditions, all endorsed on the reverse "Selarang Incident/Sept 1942", one badly creased/torn & rejoined and one a non-contemporary enlargement.
The British-built Selarang Barracks were used to house the overflow of POWs from Changi. After four POWs escaped & were recaptured, the Japanese demanded all POWs sign a "no escape" pledge. All but 3 refused. In response, almost 17,000 men were herded onto the parade ground where water supplies & latrines were in very short supply. Continued resistance resulted in the bungled execution of the four recent escapees. However, it was a dysentery epidemic that caused the camp officers to relent, & agree to the forms being signed "under duress".
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: Red Cross Envelopes with Three Thin Bars x3 or Thick Bar x5 (one with Japanese Red Cross cachet in rosine), Red Cross blue/white Postal Card with camp censor Ta chop; and by air plain covers at 5d rate x2 (one shortpaid 1d) & blue/white Postal Card uprated with 4d Koala with camp censor Kinoshita chop; well above-average condition. Some with transit times of between 9 & 18 months noted.
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: All-different identified camp censor cachets on plain cover with unnecessary 2½d payment (with the original enclosure), Red Cross Envelopes with Thick Bar x2, Red Cross blue/white Postal Card; and by air postcards red/white or blue/white x2 different types (one overpaid with 5½d Emu), minor blemishes.
(Qty 8 items)
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: All-different POW Postal Stationery comprising Red Cross Postal Cards blue/white x2 & black/white, Envelopes blue/white (with letter), black/white, or red/white with Three Thin Bars (with letter) or Thick Bar, and Lettersheets red/white or blue/white; POW Relatives Association Envelope; and generic-issue Postal Card blue/white, Envelope red/white & Airmail Envelope blue/white; six sent by air, a few are remarkably fine. Another very good lot.
(Qty 15 items)
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: Red Cross Envelopes with No Bars (rare), Single Ruled Line & typed "c/- Japanese Red Cross Society" (very scarce), Three Thin Bars, or Thick Bar, minor blemishes. Neil Russell states only one other example has been recorded with the POW Information Bureau line not obliterated. We have seen at least two others.
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: Undated Red Cross Envelope with Single Ruled Line & typed "c/- Japanese Red Cross Society", largely superb strike of the very scarce boxed 'CONTRAVENES PRISONERS OF/WAR POST/SEE ENCLOSED LEAFLET' (that unfortunately is not present) in violet.
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: Undated Red Cross Envelope with Three Thin Bars to Changi with camp censor 'H KANNO' chop most unusually in Roman characters!, endorsed "DEC/42" (presumably the date of the letter, which is not present) & "N Paton 6th Nov 44", rounded corners. [Built in January 1944 & housing about 8000 patients, Nakom Paton was the principal POW hospital camp in Thailand, some 50km from Bangkok]
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: 1943 Red Cross Envelope with Thick Bar to Changi with Melbourne machine cancel of 5JUN/1943 & endorsed on arrival "Sime Rd", small faults. Sime Road Camp was a small facility at the Singapore Golf Club! [With the letter that was sent to the Red Cross in Melbourne under cover for on-forwarding. It took almost 2½ months to be processed by the Red Cross & the censors! The golf club, now the Singapore Island Country Club, is still in Sime Road]
CHANGI - INWARDS MAIL: 1945 use of blue/white POW Envelope uprated with 5d Ram tied by Launceston cds of 28MAY/1945, endorsed "RTA" (= Returned to Australia), '.../RETURN TO SENDER' h/s largely erased & superb strike of boxed 'RETURNED IN UNDELIVERED MAILS/FROM TERRITORY FORMERLY OCCUPIED/BY JAPANESE FORCES' cachet in violet partly obscured by small OHMS redirection label.
CHANGI - OUTWARDS MAIL: 1943-44 red/white POW Postal Cards - three types, with different numbers of Japanese characters at left & one with 'Enemy Civilians Internment Camp No 1' stupidly printed in the address panel - three with personal camp censor chops of Shimogohara, Kotani or Suzuki, a few minor problems. [All the senders attest, one imagines ironically, to being in "the best of health"]
SANDAKAN: 1943 plain cover from NSW addressed "Interned in Borneo Camp" with Sydney machine cancel plus Melbourne censor label & cachet in violet, North Borneo POW Camp cachet in violet on the reverse, endorsed "Recd 29.8.44" on the face, remarkably fine. Rare. [Between January & June 1945, in a series of "death marches", a total of about 2500 Australian & British POWs held at Sandakan were forced to march 250km inland to the mountain village of Ranau. The only survivors of the infamous Sandakan Death Marches were six Australians who escaped]
SANDAKAN: 1945 (Apr 5) to "Australian POW in Borneo" c/- Red Cross in Japan with Gloucester 2½d x2 tied by Bexhill (NSW) cds, Melbourne censor label & cachet in violet, Return to Sender cachets in violet. [The Allies landed in North Borneo in May 1945, making further deliveries of POW mail impossible]
SANDAKAN: 1945 (Aug 21) cover from the same correspondence underpaid with 1½d & 2½d only - 4d being the postcard rate - but not taxed, large 'UNDELIVERABLE/RETURN TO SENDER' cachet. With the enclosed letter that suggests Lance-Corporal Kealey was one of the few survivors: "Can't get it firmly fixed in my head that I'll be seeing you really and truly..."
(Qty 2 items)
JAVA: 1944 plain envelope from WA with Perth machine cancel, Melbourne censor label & cachet; blue/white postcard to Camp "X", Red Cross envelopes x3, one received after 23 months, one with faint endorsement on face "Received 1.4.45 Koshu Mount/Siam" after 26 months transit!, the last to a member of "G" Force captured on Java & sent to Singapore & from there to Japan and repatriated per HMS "Formidable" which is endorsed on the face.
JAVA: 1944 (May 15) plain envelope from WA with Perth machine cancel, to "Djawa Interment Camp/Java" with Melbourne censor label & cachet. [Endorsed on the flap "Master Jack Greeuw...": mail from children to POWs is rare. We hope Dad had been interned & not interred!]
JAVA: c. late-1942 red & black/white Postal Cards to Victoria with typed advice of capture & to Tasmania with hand-written message, minor blemishes. The latter from G Lawson, a member of "Sparrow" Force, captured on Timor.