Category: GREAT BRITAIN - Postal History
1840 envelope with 'J RUMP/1839' Watermark headed 'To be posted at the Houses of Parliament only/Post Paid - One Penny - Weight not to exceed ½oz' SG Spec #PE2b, to "Bailieborough/Ireland" and countersigned "John Young" at lower-left, light but clear strike '[crown]/PAID/28JA28/1840/ + ' datestamp in red & '4M/JA30/40'-in-diamond arrival b/s in red (oxidised), horizontal fold & coincident 16mm repaired tear at upper-right, minor overall soiling, Cat £18,000. An important forerunner for a collection of British stamps or Postal Stationery. An early usage, less than two weeks after issue. [A 1d House of Lords Envelope, Cat £25,000, sold at the Prestige auction of 15/8/2014 for $9775]
A consequence of the Uniform Penny Postage introduced on 10/1/1840, was that the free franking privileges of Members of Parliament were abolished. So as not to inconvenience MPs, Rowland Hill arranged the issue of 1d & 2d parliamentary envelopes to the suddenly disadvantaged politicians & peers. The first types were released 16/1/1840. The envelopes were withdrawn when the Penny Black and Mulready Envelopes were issued on 6th May 1840.
The sender was John (later Sir John) Young, MP for Cavan in Ireland 1831-1855, who served as Commissioner of the Ionian Islands (1855-1859), Governor of New South Wales (1861-1867), and the second Governor-General of Canada (1869-1872). In 1870 he was created Baron Lisgar of Lisgar & Bailieborough. On 23/1/1863, during his tenure in NSW, the town of Lambing Flat was renamed Young, in his honour. [Note: Co Cavan is part of Ulster but is one of three Ulster counties that are part of the Republic of Ireland]
Postal History , GREAT BRITAIN , Postmarks - Instructional/Informative Markings , Autographs , Official mail , Postal Stationery - Envelopes , Postal Stationery , Government & Politicians , IRELAND , CANADA , NEW SOUTH WALES , IONIAN ISLANDS