Category: VICTORIA - Postal History
1878(Dec 23) cover to New York endorsed "via San Francisco" with 6d blue tied by Ballarat duplex, boxed straight-line 'PAID ALL' h/s in red alongside and 'SAN FRANCISCO/JAN/30/PAID ALL' cds in red on the face, minor edge faults and some gum discolouration around the stamp. Not included in Ben Palmer's Census.
Victoria was not a party to the 1870 treaty between NSW and the USA which gave rise to the Sydney 'PAID/ALL' two-line markings. Up until around mid-1878, Victorian mail passing through Sydney on its way to the USA received these markings to indicate the Australian postage had been paid, but was then assessed incoming steamship fees at San Francisco. The little-known 1878 Postal Convention between Victoria and the USA set an 'all-inclusive' rate of 6d per Żoz and presumably at this time Victoria introduced its own straight-line 'PAID ALL' marking for mail to the USA. In The Informer (SAS/O, Volume 64 No 4, 2000) a cover from Geelong (April 1, 1879) bearing this marking is illustrated, but the marking is attributed to New Zealand (which we believe to be incorrect). This is the only other example seen by us.
Postal History , Ship Letter , UNITED STATES OF AMERICA , Postmarks - Instructional/Informative Markings , Postmarks , VICTORIA , AUSTRALIAN COLONIES General , AUSTRALIA