Prestige Philately Auction 229 CataloguePORTUGAL - PRE-STAMP POSTAL HISTORY
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Displaying 1 - 20 of 42 Lots in Category - PORTUGAL - PRE-STAMP POSTAL HISTORY
The balance of the collection comprising mostly entires on exhibit pages arranged alphabetically by region & town, the majority with straight-line handstamps, many better items noted with Alentejo including 'ALVITO', 'ARRAIOLOS', boxed 'ELUAS', 'FERREIRA', 'MONTEMOR' Type 2, 'PORTALEGRE' in green (1838); Beiras including 'CASTo BRANCO' in sepia (1845), 'SEGURA/GUARDA', 'MUIMENTA', 'S COMBA DAO', 'SOURE', 'TONDELLA' Type 3 (ERD; unrated - 10? - & unpriced by Luis Frazao), 'VIZEU' Type 3 (rated 8), magnificent 'VOVZUELA'; Entre Douro e Minho including 'AMARAN/TE'-in-fancy-oval in red, 'FAFE'-in-fancy-oval (rated 7), 'FILGUEIRAS' in red (rated 7), 'SEGURA/PONTE/DA/BARCA' in red (rated 7), 'VIANNA DO MINHO' in red (1801; rated 9; very fine strike but on defective outer only); Estremadura including 'ALCOBACA', 'MOITA' (rated 7), chamfered-boxed 'POMBAL', manuscript "Rda" of Redinha, 'SEGURA/V FRANCA D REST', 'Recebi/...' Type 2 of Setubal (rated 7); and Tras-os-Montes including 'MONCORUO', 'PEZODAREGOA' (the second 'E' is reversed); etc. The quality is variable but most of the strikes are fine to very fine with some superb strikes included, Frazao Cat €15,000+ (2013). [NB: For the related group of items from Lisbon, see Lot 1019. For mail to and from Portugal's Atlantic Islands, see Lot 1023]
An audacious move would be to buy this lot, then re-assemble the collection from what follows.
(Qty 135 approx)
Mostly inwards entire letters to Porto from Brazil x12, the earliest of 1813 with light 'CORREYO DA B' h/s in blue, 1825 with poor 'CORo MARITIMO' h/s & enclosed Bill of Lading, 1843 with British-pattern 'CORREIO GERAI DO CORTE' cds, and 1852 with 'Lei de 20/4 50' h/s in red (rated 7; part-outer only), etc; from France with '240' or '480' rate h/s; from England x11 including 1802 fumigated for plague (badly stained), 1821 endorsed "Missent to Plymouth", 1832 fumigated for cholera, and 1851 with 'Lei de 20/4 50' h/s in red (rated 7); from Italy 1834 with boxed 'ITALIE/PAR/ANTIBES' h/s; from USA (1850); also 1833 from Lisbon per British vessel during siege of Porto; condition variable. A very interesting lot.
Miscellaneous group of duplicated items & others that didn't 'fit' in the exhibit, also some later covers & Postal Cards. A bit of a mystery box but guaranteed to be a bargain at the estimate.
(Qty 61 items)
1586(March 1) entire 3pp merchant's letter signed "Aluise Vezatto" & "Sebastian Levaro" from Lisbon to Bartholomew Corsini & Company in London with courier's endorsement on the face in Italian "L'alli G p Veronio fatteci fa di lare", docketing on reverse with arrival date "Avri 27", remarkably fine for 450 year old paper. A very early entire from Portugal. [The extensive Corsini Correspondence, discovered only in the 1980s, remains one of the most important Renaissance archives to come on the market. A 1571 document states of the Corsini family: "Theis parsons...are thought to be the greatest bringars of forren commodities into the realme..." We note that David Weeden's earliest item was dated 1793, more than 200 years later than this letter]
1587(March 22) entire internal letter from Lisbon addressed to "Alonso Truxillo de Aguilar/Alferes de la comp de don Julio de mansilla" indicating a military connection, ribbon-slit on the face, a bit soiled mostly within. [Between 1581 and 1640, Portugal endured "Sixty Years of Captivity" at the hands of Spain. A succession crisis erupted in 1580, on the death of the young king, Sebastian I. The machinations read like 'Game of Thrones'. Philip II of Spain exploited the situation & united the two countries into the Iberian Union]
1609(August 8) entire letter endorsed "Por el Rey" (= for the King) & signed "Yo El Rey" (= I am the King) addressed to Don Luis Bravo de Acuna, the commander of the King's fleet of galleons in Portugal. A very fine royal entire from the "Captivity" period. [Spain's Phillip III, styled Philip II of Portugal, reigned 1598-1621. Under him & his son Philip IV, Portuguese wealth & influence declined. Portugal reclaimed its autonomy in 1640 when the then Duke of Braganza was installed as King Joao IV. However, the consequent Restoration War against Spain lasted until 1668]
1631-1796group of mercantile entires comprising six to Italy (Livorno x3, Genoa x2 & Siena), the latest with very fine '[crown]/MADRID.I.' transit b/s; 1633 internal to "Castello davide" (about 150km E of Lisbon, near the Spanish border); 1634 to "Notre Dame a Paris" with agent's endorsement on the reverse "Par la voye des Sr Cramoisy"; 1724 to Aberdeen which states "...this goes by sea to London..."; 1733 to "Leith near Edinburgh" with London transit bishop mark of 'MR/11'; 1772 to London with arrival bishop mark of 'DE/7'; 1787 two to Flanders both with light 'PORTVGAL' transit h/s applied in Spain; and 1789 from London rated "8" (pence) & "120" (reis); all but one are fine to very fine. [These are curiously noted as from the "Period of Correios-Mores" (= Post Office), but the public mail service had been created in 1520]
1652official entire endorsed "Poro Principe" & signed "Principe" to Dom Sancho Manoel, Governor of Beira Province, two small ribbon-slits on the face, some internal age-damage but the facial appearance is superb! [In June 1663, Dom Sancho Manoel lead a Portuguese army that inflicted a crushing defeat on the Spaniards at the Battle of Ameixial]
1675entire headed "Lixa 24 Septemb 1675" to "Amberes" (= Anvers; ie Antwerp in Belgium), apparently rated "8" & "4" & docketed as received "12 Ogber 1675", the letter in Dutch including reference to "Antwoort", very fine.
1698outer endorsed "Per El Rey" (= for the King) addressed to the Governor & Capital [?] General of the States of Brazil with two small ribbon-slits, plus the enclosed letter with "Sun & Moon" watermark & signed "Rey", both with internal worm damage & repairs with archival tape but of fine appearance. [Pedro II was King of Portugal from 1683 until his death in 1706. Mail to Brazil in this period is very scarce. Until gold was discovered early in the 18th century, the Brazilian economy was largely based on sugar and slaves]
(Qty 2 items)
1773entire from Portugal's King Joseph I to "D Fernando Rei das duas Secilias" (= Fernando King of the Two Sicilies) and signed "El Rey/JR", small ribbon-slits & impressive 68mm wafered seal, very fine; and similar of 1790 from Queen Maria I signed "A Rainha", vertical fold through the seal.
1790chatty letter headed "Aquilon in the River Tagus at Lisbon" to the writer's mother at "Croydon/Surry" with almost fine 'PORTSMOUTH/SHIP-LRE' h/s & light 'DE/4/90' b/s, rated "5" then re-rated "6"(d) due from the recipient, very minor blemishes. [The British Fleet was at the Tagus, after being on station at Gibraltar. The writer states "...before leaving Gibralter, the General of the Rock had a letter from our Embassidor at Madrid saying that it was all settled only the terms not signed...we are now laying off Balum Castle and been here for two days in Quarantine...The Swallow Sloop and Rose Frigate Sails for England to morrow I take this opportunity of wrighting to you..."]
1793mercantile entire headed "Norwich March 14 1793" addressed to "Thenerife/Isla de Canarias - via Madrid y Coruna" but endorsed "Via Lisbon" in red, 'ESPANA' & 'PORTUGAL' straight-line handstamps both in red applied in Spain, rated "3" (reales) due on arrival. Very appealing.
1794mercantile entire headed "Hamburgh the 22 July 1794" addressed to "Porto Orotava/Teneriffe" & endorsed "Por Cadiz", carried via London where 'P'-in-circle h/s applied at the Foreign Office, 'ESPANA' in red & 'PORTUGAL' straight-line handstamps applied in Spain, rated "10" (reales) due on arrival, a bit stained. [See 'Postal History Society Journal' (Dec 2006) where stated to be the only recorded example of the 'P'-in-circle h/s on mail to Portugal]
1799(Jan 21) mercantile entire Porto to Lisbon with largely fine & earliest recorded strike of the rare 'CORo EXTRAORDo/PORTO' handstamp (Frazao #PRT-E1; rated 9; Cat €1000) indicating express service at three times the normal rate of 20r but the rate not endorsed. Very attractive. [There was no example in David Weeden's collection]
1801(March 31) mercantile entire to Braga with fine strike of the rare 'CORo EXTRAORD/LISBOA' handstamp (Frazao #LSB-E1; rated 8; Cat €900) indicating express service & '60' h/s for three times the normal rate of 20r, neatly repaired internal tear that doesn't affect the fine facial appearance. A significant item, bearing Lisbon's & Portugal's earliest postmark. [There was no example in David Weeden's collection]
No longer available
1801(July 23) internal entire to Braga with very fine strike of the 'PORTO' h/s (Frazao #PRT5; rated 7; Cat €350) & '20' h/s for the first weight step travelling up to 10 leagues. [Luis Frazao records this marking in 1800 only. This is the LRD by 9 months]
1803(Oct 21) lengthy entire in Portuguese headed "Riga 21 de Outoubro 1803" with light but obvious strike of small boxed 'RIGA' h/s, to Vianna do Minho apparently per Dutch ship with 'OLANDA' (= Holland) transit h/s, inwards charge of "330" (reis) + "40" for internal mail, two 26mm disinfection slits. Terrific origin/destination item. [Between 1795 & 1918, Latvia was part of Russia]
1808(June 6) lengthy entire in French headed "Lisbonne ce 6 Juin 1808" to Paris with partly very fine strike of the rare 'BAU GAL/ARM DE PORTUGAL' h/s (Frazao #Armée 2; rated 9), superb 'October/29/1808' transit b/s of London & French "10" (decimes) endorsement. [Refusal by the Portuguese to place an embargo on the UK resulted in Napoleon Bonaparte's troops invading Portugal. Lisbon was captured on 8.12.1807, causing the royal family to flee to Brazil where a government-in-exile was established at Rio de Janeiro. Mail from the first French Invasion period is rare, & unpriced by Luis Frazao]
1810(Nov 4) Peninsular War entire to Devon with very fine strike of the scarce 'LISBON/ F ' transit d/s in blue applied at Falmouth (Cornwall), rated "2/1", internal repairs & wax seal-stain still most presentable; 1812 (May) entire from Ciudad Rodrigo (Spain) to Lancashire with the same d/s of MY22/1812 (LRD by two years) in blue, rated "2/5"; and 1841 to Wiltshire with the same marking - with the date removed - on the reverse, rated "2/9". David Weeden's 1810 usage of the 'LISBON/ F ' cds sold for £345. His 1842 usage with the date removed sold for £161. [The first written at Malveira, 30km N of Lisbon, by a British soldier who states "...I certainly now see no end to the war campaigns... What a mess up that scoundrel Bonaparte makes in the world...People in [Lisbon] have recovered from their fright and all trade is back again..."]